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Impact Assessment

The term Impact Assessment can be used to refer to a Social Impact Assessment (SIA), an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), or a Human Rights Impact Assessment (HRIA).

SIAs and EIAs involve an assessment and evaluation of the social and/or environmental impacts of a proposed or actual investment project. Such assessments are often included as pre-operational obligations, with the aim of identifying potentially adverse impacts at an early stage and finding ways to reduce such impacts.

HRIAs often follow similar models, though are grounded in international human rights norm and law.

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