United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) - Global Initiative on Extractive Industries for Sustainable Development (UNDP)
It is envisaged that the UNDP’s new initiative will “provide timely and predictable technical and financial support to UNDP country offices and act as a hub for knowledge management and thought innovation in the extractive sector.”
The new initiative will be implemented through:
- Knowledge management (creation and sharing) and cross-regional fertilization of experiences;
- Policy advisory and technical assistance services (with strong technical capacity across the organization);
- Capacity development at the regional and country levels;
- Catalytic financing for country-level and global initiatives; and
- Advocacy and partnerships.
Negotiation Support General
Global – currently, 25 countries have been identified for assistance in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and the Middel East.
Support depends on the demand expressed by the host country's government, as well as the availability of, or potential for raising financial resources.
Extractive industries sector (oil, gas and mining).
Collaboration with partners:
Types of expertise:
UNDP has in-house expertise at UNDP headquarters and in the UNDP’s regional hubs. UNDP also relies on a roster of experts with different languages and skill sets. The following types of expertise are provided:
- Negotiations strategy;
- Economic/ financial analysis and financial modeling;
- Geologists (no in-house capacity);
- Social/ human rights;
- Fiscal and tax management;
- Good governance (anti-corruption/stakeholder engagement);
- Occupational health and work safety (no in-house capacity); and
- Project development.
Number of in-house experts:
Length of involvement:
There are currently two types of support provided by UNDP:
1) Project-based support: This entails the development of new projects and takes several months. It typically starts with an expression of interest from a government counterpart to a UNDP country office, scoping of work, development of a project document and negotiation with government counterpart and, if needed, mobilization of additional resources to top up the core funding.
2) Specific advisory services (undertaken within existing projects): This again starts with an expression of interest of the government counterpart through a UNDP country office and will entail either dispatching of an expert to assist the government counterpart, or desk support.
3) Helpdesk (forthcoming): This is envisaged to allow for a more rapid response to specific, or standalone questions from a government counterpart. UNDP staff members will have an internal online platform where questions can be posted and will be answered within a short period.
Fee/non-fee based support:
Generally non-fee based.
Speed of response:
Project-based support: From expression of interest to provision of support: 2-6 months.
Specific advisory services: This typically takes 2-6 weeks. The new roster that UNDP is putting in place aims to both expedite this process and to expand the pool of specialist expertise available to governments.
Helpdesk: The turnaround time for typical requests is currently 2-4 weeks.
Resources potentially one of the main constraints. Require government consent. Practical constraints of capacity. Cannot proactively provide support to all countries at once.
Types of negotiation support
Setting the Legal & Policy Framework Stage:
Yes - UNDP staff and consultants can provide assistance in policy formulation, the reform of laws and regulations and sector analyses.
UNDP staff or consultants can provide assistance with social and environmental impact studies and with financial structuring. UNDP can share best practices, but cannot help draft model contracts.
Contract Negotiation Stage:
UNDP staff or consultants cannot participate directly in contract negotiations. They can help with assembling a negotiating team and preparing a negotiation strategy.
Implementation & Monitoring Stage:
Resource revenue collection and management: UNDP staff and consultants can assist with tax generation, revenue management capacity, targeting corruption, etc.
Advancing Knowledge-Sharing and Management:
Yes – UNDP recently partnered with the World Bank Institute as a co-convener of GOXI - the Governance of Extractive Industries Platform (www.goxi.org).
In addition to contributing to this knowledge sharing mechanism, UNDP has an in-house system and network for Extractive Industries for Sustainable Development that UNDP can draw on, which connects UNDP staff in over 170 countries and territories.