Tools & Resources

Tools and resources to assist government officials, parliamentarians and policy makers in the planning, preparation for, negotiation, monitoring, and implementation of large-scale investments

Agricultural Investments under International Investment Law Go to resource

International investment law, based primarily on international investment treaties, plays an important role in the governance of investment in agriculture, forestry, and fishing. The obligations established by these treaties, and enforced by means of investor–state arbitration, can present challenges for policy-makers and others seeking to ensure that investments are sustainable, including by affecting the ways in which the costs and benefits of investments are distributed among different actors.

CCSI partnered with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) to produce a briefing note on agricultural investments under international investment law. The briefing note provides an overview of the following issues:

  • Who and what do international investment treaties protect, and how are they enforced?
  • Why does international investment law matter for the governance of sustainable, responsible investment in agriculture?
  • How can investment treaties and investor-state arbitration impact laws, policies, and other actions or measures taken by states concerning investment in agriculture?
  • What impact does international investment law have on local perspectives, responsible governance of tenure, and responsible business conduct?
  • And how can policy-makers address challenges posed by investment treaties and investor-state arbitration?

Kroll / CCSI Due Diligence Manual Go to resource

The Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment (CCSI) and Kroll, a leading global provider of risk solutions that regularly performs Reputational and Integrity Due Diligence (RIDD) on investors, developed a guide to help governments engage with investors. It provides general advice for governments wishing to assess the commercial and peutational impact of a proposed investment, to evaluate any potential risks, and to get comfortable with investors as credible nad reliable partners.

The guide focuses on:

(1) how to decide when to conduct RIDD

(2) how to conduct basic checks, and

(3) when and how to engage with third parties to conduct a RIDD.