Tools & Resources

Tools and resources to assist government officials, parliamentarians and policy makers in the planning, preparation for, negotiation, monitoring, and implementation of large-scale investments

Tripartite declaration of principles concerning multinational enterprises and social policy (MNE Declaration) - 4th Edition Go to resource

  • Date:  2006
  • Sector:  Extractive Industries Infrastructure Investment Land & Agriculture Mining Oil & Gas
  • Source:  ILO

The principles laid down in this universal instrument offer guidelines to MNEs, governments, and employers’ and workers’ organizations in such areas as employment, training, conditions of work and life, and industrial relations.

The prominent role of MNEs in the process of social and economic globalization renders the application of the principles of the MNE Declaration as timely and necessary as they were at the time of adoption. As efforts to attract and boost foreign direct investment gather momentum within and across many parts of the world, the parties concerned have a new opportunity to use the principles of the Declaration as guidelines for enhancing the positive social and labour effects of the operations of MNEs.

Available in Arabic, Bahasa Indonesian, Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects Go to resource

  • Date:  2000
  • Sector:  Infrastructure
  • Source:  UNCITRAL

A guide is to assist in the establishment of a legal framework favorable to private investment in public infrastructure. The advice provided in the Guide aims at achieving a balance between the desire to facilitate and encourage private participation in infrastructure projects, on the one hand, and various public interest concerns of the host country, on the other.

Available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.

UNCTAD - Investment Facilitation: An Action Menu Go to resource

  • Date:  2016
  • Sector:  Extractive Industries Infrastructure Investment Investment Treaties Land & Agriculture Mining Oil & Gas
  • Source:  UNCTAD- Investment Hub Policy

The Action Menu proposes 10 action lines with a series of options for investment policymakers to adapt and adopt for national and international policy needs: the package includes actions that countries can choose to implement unilaterally, and options that can guide international collaboration or that can be incorporated in international investment agreements. The Action Menu should be read in the broader context of UNCTAD's Investment Policy Framework for Sustainable Development.

The proposed Action Menu is preliminary research, comments and ideas are invaluable to the further development of the Action Menu.

UNCTAD Database of Bilateral Investment Treaties Go to resource

  • Sector:  Investment Treaties
  • Source:  UNCTAD

A BITs search engine which provides a user-friendly way to retrieve either: (1) all available BITs signed by one country, and (2) a specific BIT between two countries.

UNCTAD Investment Dispute Settlement Navigator Go to resource

  • Date:  2015
  • Sector:  Extractive Industries Infrastructure Investment Investment Treaties Land & Agriculture Mining Oil & Gas
  • Source:  UNCTAD

The UNCTAD Investment Dispute Settlement Navigator contains information about known international arbitration cases initiated by investors against States pursuant to international investment agreements (IIAs). Such arbitrations are also referred to as treaty-based investor-State dispute settlement (ISDS) cases.

Understanding Power Purchase Agreements Go to resource

This handbook is intended to provide an overview of PPAs and the obligations, risks, and remedies that are found within them.

Unsolicited Infrastructure Proposals: How Some Countries Introduce Competition and Transparency Go to resource

  • Sector:  Infrastructure
  • Source:  PPIAF

This paper looks at how governments can manage "unsolicited proposals" for PPPs--that is, proposals for PPP projects that originate from private companies, without being specifically requested by governments. The paper sets out the main challenges of dealing with such proposals--how to maintain private sector interest in coming up with project ideas, while ensuring competition and transparency in how these projects are developed and procured. The paper describes the various systems adopted by different countries to try to to address these.

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security Go to resource

A reference and guide to improve the governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests with the overarching goal of achieving food security for all and to support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security.

Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights: Implementation Guidance Tools Go to resource

  • Date:  2012
  • Sector:  Extractive Industries Oil & Gas
  • Source:  IPIECA

Designed to help extractive companies maintain the safety and security of their operations within an operating framework that ensures respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and, when applicable, for international humanitarian law. The tools serve as a helpful reference guide to ensure that operations are undertaken in a manner that ensures respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

WBG Report on Recommended PPP Contractual Provisions Go to resource

Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are now being used in many countries to develop infrastructure projects. Typically, PPP transactions are based on a network of complex legal agreements – however, at the center of each transaction there is normally a PPP Contract, in the form of a concession agreement or similar document, between a government or other public entity (the Contracting Authority) and a private company or a consortium of companies (the Private Partner). 

Given the variety of PPP transactions globally, the different legal systems which exist in various countries, and the need to have ‘tailor-made' provisions to deal with the individual characteristics of specific projects, it follows that the development of comprehensive PPP agreements on an international basis is likely an unrealistic goal. However, there may be merit in focusing on certain contractual provisions dealing with particular legal issues encountered in virtually every PPP Contract, such as the issues of force majeure, termination rights, dispute resolution, etc. The purpose of this Report is to present and discuss ‘recommended’ language in respect of a selection of these typically encountered provisions. 

World Bank Report: Local content in the oil and gas sector Go to resource

  • Date:  2013
  • Sector:  Oil & Gas
  • Source:  World Bank

A number of countries have recently discovered and are developing oil and gas reserves. Policy makers in such countries are anxious to obtain the greatest benefits for their economies from the extraction of these exhaustible resources by designing appropriate policies to achieve desired goals. One important theme of such policies is the so-called local content created by the sector- the extent to which the output of the extractive industry sector generates further benefits to the economy beyond the direct contribution of its value-added, through its links to other sectors. Local Content Policies (LCPs) were first introduced in the North sea in the early 1970s and ranged from restrictions on imports to direct state intervention in the oil sector. While LCPs have the potential to stimulate broad-based economic development, which is necessary to alleviate poverty and achieve the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), their application in petroleum-rich countries has achieved mixed results.

This paper serves to introduce the topic by describing policies and practices meant to foster the development of economic links from the petroleum sector, as adopted by a number of petroleum-producing countries both in and outside the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

The paper is organized as follows: chapter one defines local content and briefly illustrates the links between the petroleum sector and other economic sectors (where policies may be able to increase the economic benefits of the petroleum sector). An attempt is made to measure local content levels in a wide sample of petroleum-producing countries including net importers and net exporters, and countries at different stages of economic development to put LCPs in context and to consider if the structure of an economy is a key driver of local content levels. Chapter two discusses the arguments that have been used in favor and against the use of productive development policies in general and LCPs in particular. Chapter three provides an outline of the tools and types of LCPs that have been used by petroleum producing countries, and present their strengths and weaknesses. Chapter four focuses on issues related to the measurement and monitoring of LCPs, and discusses the limitations of alternative metrics. Chapter five provides a description of LCP objectives, implementation tools, and reporting metrics used in a selected sample of oil-producing countries including Angola, Brazil, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Trinidad and Tobago and draw initial lessons that may be relevant to other countries.

WRI Rights to Resources Interactive Map: Sub-Saharan Africa Go to resource

  • Date:  2014
  • Sector:  Extractive Industries Land & Agriculture Mining Oil & Gas
  • Source:  WRI

The Rights to Resources interactive map presents information on citizen and community rights to natural resources in sub-Saharan Africa. National framework laws for each of the 49 countries in the region were reviewed to answer eleven questions about local use rights to five natural resources: water, trees, wildlife, minerals, and petroleum.

The information on the map can help Governments compare property rights regimes across natural resources and countries.

Users can also download the data set in Excel format.