Tools & Resources

Tools and resources to assist government officials, parliamentarians and policy makers in the planning, preparation for, negotiation, monitoring, and implementation of large-scale investments

Model Mining Development Agreement 1.0 Go to resource

MMDA 1.0 is a collection of examples from existing mine development agreements and other materials that are designed to help negotiators and drafters by stimulating them to think about some of the difficult issues of legality, fairness, and balance presented by large foreign natural resource investment, particularly in developing countries. On one hand, MMDA 1.0 may be useful as an agenda for negotiating such an investment. On the other hand, MMDA 1.0 may be useful to the lawyers tasked with drafting an agreement for such an investment.

Available in English, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish.

National Strategies for Sustainable Development Go to resource

  • Date:  2004
  • Sector:  Investment
  • Source:  IISD

A report that seeks to identify key challenges facing countries in relation to the strategic management aspects of national development strategies in 19 countries including leadership, planning, implementation, monitoring and review, co-ordination, and participation.

It also includes a pragmatic toolbox for government sustainable development managers and policy-makers.

Natural Resource Charter Go to resource

The Natural Resource Charter is a set of principles to guide governments and societies’ use of natural resources so these economic opportunities result in maximum and sustained returns for a country’s citizens. The Charter outlines tools and policy options designed to avoid the mismanagement of these natural diminishing riches and work towards ensuring their ongoing benefits.

Available in Arabic, Bahasa, English, French, and Spanish.

Natural Resource Charter Benchmarking Framework Go to resource

The Natural Resource Charter Benchmarking Framework is a tool for benchmarking a country's management of oil, gas and minerals against global best practices. The framework draws on the policy options and practical advice of the Natural Resource Charter, and consists of a series of questions that government officials, concerned citizens or actors in the international community can use to structure research, discussions and strategic planning. 

Natural Resource Contracts as a Tool for Managing the Mining Sector Go to resource

This study examines the different types of legal regimes governing mining projects in 18 countries around the world with a particular emphasis on the key provisions in mining contracts as well as in law where countries have adopted a licensing regime. In so doing, it discusses some of the reasons for which some countries have adopted a licensing regime to fully or partially regulate the rights and obligations of the parties in a mining project, whereas other countries have opted to use mining contracts to do so. Where a country relies on contracts to govern some or all aspects of a mining project, the study further examines the relationship between country's mining contracts and its legal framework, taking into account the trend - towards more legislated terms - that minerals regimes are taking. In addition, it analyzes the mining contract negotiation and implementation process and attempts to identify potential opportunities to support resource-rich, low-income countries in managing their mining investments from the planning and preparation for a contract negotiation or licensing round to the implementation and monitoring of the mining investment.

Natural Resource Contracts: A Practical Guide Go to resource

The goal of this guide is to explain common topics that are addressed in natural resource contracts and to provide suggestions for improving contracts that are vague or unfavorable to host countries.

The guide also includes references to additional resources that will be useful for advocates who want to learn more about particular topics and issues.

Natural Resource Governance Institute Training Modules on the EITI Go to resource

Training kit consisting of a set of modules that cover the whole EITI process from implementation to monitoring and compliance.

New Alliance Analytical Framework for Responsible Land-Based Agricultural Investments Go to resource

This analytical framework is designed to assist investors in aligning their policies and actions with global and continental guidelines on responsible land-based investments, most notably the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) and the Guiding Principles on Large Scale Land Based Investments in Africa (LSLBI). 

The Framework offers investors a due diligence and risk management resource to apply to their land-based agricultural investments. It is an effort to provide advice and highlight best practices related to structuring investments in the most responsible way possible.

The Framework includes red lines that indicate in which situations investment projects should be cancelled if no benign alternatives can be found. 

The Framework should be used throughout the life of the project, beginning with the preliminary project assessment, followed by the due diligence phase and continuing through the negotiation, agreement, operation and close-out phases. Hence, while the Framework ideally should be used from the beginning of a project, it can also be used after a project has commenced, as land tenure risks can and should be assessed well beyond the due diligence and start-up periods, especially in areas where communities have insecure land rights.

The Framework was developed by an international group of land experts and vetted through consultation with a broad array of stakeholders. The New Alliance and Grow Africa Leadership Council welcomed and recognized the Analytical Framework as a tool for investors, and agreed to assess experience with the framework in one year.

NPV model to analyze PSAs/PSCs or Concessionary Arrangements Go to resource

The website offers an economic model that estimates expected cash flows for an upstream petroleum project (petroleum exploration, development and production). Host governments can use it to increase their understanding of the revenue they can expect from the project at each stage.

NRGI Guide to the EITI Standard Go to resource

The guide is an online, interactive reference that allows users to explore the opportunities in the EITI Standard in seven policy areas. These areas are based on the extractive industries decision chain and reflect some of the governance challenges most frequently raised by stakeholders. The guide also covers two process areas: civil society participation and multi-stakeholder group governance.

NRGI Reader | Contract Transparency: Creating Conditions To Improve Contract Quality Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Extractives-Linked Infrastructure: Exploring Options for Shared Use of Infrastructure Projects Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Fiscal Regime Design: What Revenues the Government Will be Entitled to Collect Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Fiscal Rules and Natural Resource Funds: Methods to Save and Stabilize Revenues Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Granting Rights to Natural Resources: Determining Who Takes Natural Resources Out of the Ground Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Legal Framework: Navigating the Web of Laws and Contracts Governing Extractive Industries Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Local Content: Strengthening the Local Economy and Workforce Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Publish What You Pay: A Civil Society Coalition for Extractive Sector Transparency and Accountability Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Revenue Management and Distribution: Addressing the Special Challenges of Resource Revenues To Generate Lasting Benefits Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | State Participation and State-Owned Enterprises Roles, Benefits and Challenges Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Subnational Revenue Distribution: Natural Resource Revenues in a Decentralized Context Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Subnational Revenue Management: Improving Local Development Through Resource Wealth Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI): Using EITI to Promote Policy Reform Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | The Natural Resource Charter Decision Chain: Converting Resources into Development Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | The Oil and Gas Industry: Overview and Trends Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | The Resource Curse: The Political and Economic Challenges of Natural Resource Wealth Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI Reader | Transparency Mechanisms and Movements: Tools to Foster Openness and Accountability Go to resource

This reader comes from a series of 20 short, illustrated overviews of key topics in the extractives sector. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in oil, gas and mining sector governance. They contain helpful figures and infographics, and each reader has a standard format: key messages, concepts, case examples, and a final set of practitioner-orientated questions to ask.

NRGI- Enforcing the Rules Go to resource

Enforcing the Rules: Government and Citizen Oversight of Mining, examines the gaps in effective monitoring of mining obligations, identifies good practices and proposes practical avenues for improvement. 

In many countries rich in minerals, mining deals between industry and government have failed to deliver the benefits citizens expect—not only because of bad contracts but also because governments and civil society fail to effectively monitor and enforce company compliance with the terms of good contracts.

Recent years have brought significant improvements in industry and government transparency, national mining laws and contracts, but monitoring remains the only way to determine whether the deals struck with companies reflect what is being implemented on the ground. Many developing countries with weak regulatory systems lack the capacity or political will to ensure that company obligations are enforced. The result can be losses of billions of dollars to tax evasion and fraud, and harm to workers, the environment and social peace.

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises Go to resource

  • Sector:  Investment
  • Source:  OECD

The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises are the most comprehensive set of government-backed recommendations on responsible business conduct in existence today. The governments adhering to the Guidelines aim to encourage and maximise the positive impact MNEs can make to sustainable development and enduring social progress.

OECD Policy Framework for Investment Go to resource

The OECD Policy Framework for Investment (PFI) provides a comprehensive and systematic approach for improving investment. It covers 10 policy areas and addresses some 82 questions to governments to help them design and implement policy reform to create a truly attractive, robust and competitive environment for domestic and foreign investment.

The PFI emphasizes the fundamental principles of rule of law, transparency, non-discrimination and the protection of property rights but leaves for the country concerned the choice of policies, based on its economic circumstances and institutional capabilities. One size does not fit all.

It is available in English, French, Chinese, Spanish, and Polish

OECD Policy Framework for Investment in Agriculture Go to resource

  • Date:  2013
  • Sector:  Investment, Land & Agriculture
  • Source:  OECD

A flexible tool which helps governments evaluate their investment policies in the ten areas essential to creating an attractive environment for investors and in enhancing the development benefits of agricultural investment.

OECD Policy Framework for Investment: A Review of Good Practices Go to resource

  • Date:  2006
  • Sector:  Infrastructure, Investment
  • Source:  OECD

This Review of Good Practices in OECD and non-OECD economies is published as a companion volume to the OECD Policy Framework for Investment (PFI) and provides analytical background material on each of the ten chapters of the PFI. These include investment policy, investment promotion and facilitation, trade policy, competition policy, tax policy, corporate governance, policies for promoting responsible business conduct, human resource development policy, infrastructure and financial sector development, and public governance.

OECD Procurement Toolbox Go to resource

  • Sector:  Extractive Industries, Infrastructure
  • Source:  OECD

This Toolbox is an on-line resource that captures emerging good practice to enhance corruption prevention and good management in public procurement in OECD and non-OECD countries. The tools contained in this website have been compiled from practices which have been successfully tested in a number of countries.

The tools are classified according to their use in the procurement cycle (pre-tendering phase, tendering phase, post-award phase, or entire procurement cycle) and also by theme according to the pillars underlying the OECD Recommendation (transparency, good management, prevention of misconduct, or accountability and control.)

OGP: Disclosing Beneficial Ownership Information in the Natural Resource Sector Go to resource

This briefing aims to encourage and orient Open Government Partnership (OGP) countries to commit to beneficial ownership disclosure, which impact the natural resource sector. It explores the rationale behind this commitment, provides country examples, and offers ideas around good practice. It draws heavily from the Natural Resource Governance Institute’s (NRGI) briefing Owning Up: Options for Disclosing the Identities of Beneficial Owners of Extractive Companies. 

OGP: Disclosing Contracts in the Natural Resource Sector Go to resource

The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is an opportunity for governments to improve their commitment to contract transparency by making commitments around the proactive disclosure of oil, gas, and mining contracts. This brief aims to provide an overview of current standards and practices, and outline concrete examples of contract disclosure in action. 

OGP: Disclosing Environmental Information in the Natural Resource Sector Go to resource

The Open Government Partnership (OGP) offers an opportunity for governments to mitigate negative impacts on local communities associated with the establishment and operation of oil, gas, and mining projects by making commitments on the proactive disclosure of social and environmental information related to the extractive industry. This issue brief aims to provide an overview of current standards and practices, and outline concrete examples of environmental disclosure commitments for consideration by governments and civil society organizations. 

Oil Contracts: How to Read and Understand Them Go to resource

  • Date:  2012
  • Sector:  Extractive Industries, Oil & Gas
  • Source:  OpenOil

Walk-through guide on oil contracts: what they are, who participates in them, how the revenues should be handled and divided, what the different impacts of an oil project are, what its role is in fostering economic development, and how disputes between parties can be resolved.

Open Contracting Go to resource

A collaborative online platform for public procurement practitioners, this online platform seeks to provide a space where interested stakeholders from civil society, government, the private sector, media, academia, and others can share, learn, connect and collaborate around experiences in open contracting.

Open Contracting seeks to help ensure broader consensus around the importance of enhanced disclosure and participation in public contracting, at all stages of the contracting process and across all sectors. This community is used to support knowledge exchange between countries, identifying challenges and proposing solutions needed to address those challenges.

The Open Contracting Resources section contains a list of monitoring resources and a database of tender information from countries around the world. 

OpenLandContracts.org - A Land & Agriculture Contracts Database Go to resource

A searchable database of large-scale land, oil palm and forestry contracts, agreements and key terms.

OpenOil Repository of Oil Contracts Go to resource

  • Sector:  Extractive Industries, Oil & Gas
  • Source:  OpenOil

A growing repository of oil contracts from over 55 countries.

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